1. [ adjective ] lacking in energy or will
Synonyms: inactive

"Much benevolence of the passive order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict pain upon oneself"- George Meredith

Related terms: active hands-off resistless passivity
2. [ adjective ] peacefully resistant in response to injustice
Synonyms: peaceful

"passive resistance"

Related terms: nonviolent
3. [ adjective ] (grammar) passive voice, expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb

"academics seem to favor passive sentences"

Related terms: active grammar
4. [ noun ] (grammar,linguistics) the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
Synonyms: passive_voice

"`The ball was thrown by the boy' uses the passive voice" "`The ball was thrown' is an abbreviated passive"

Related terms: active_voice voice